Denmark

Brief description of Denmark:

The smallest of the Scandinavian countries, located in northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea. The mainland Jutland (Jylland) is based on a peninsula north of Germany, with the two major islands, Fuen (Fyn) and Sealand (Sjælland) located to the east.
Due to this location the danes always were a nation of seafares. From the first settlers fishing in their hollow logs to the Vikings exploring and trading widely and on to the modern merchant navy wich in spite of the size of the nation is one of the worlds largest.
Denmark is the oldest unbroken monarchy worldwide with the first known king before 700 AD , yet some people will claim to know that they historical evidence can prove them to go even further back. Maybe the rulers of that time was what we today would call chieftains – but surely they ruled the major part of the area today known as Denmark.

Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe. It joined NATO in 1949 and the EEC (now the EU) in 1973. However, the country has opted out of certain elements of the European Union’s Maastricht Treaty, including the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), European defense cooperation, and issues concerning certain justice and home affairs.

  Population  5,627,235 (2014)
  Area 42,916 square kilometres
  Population density 130.50 per square kilometre
  Geographic region Scandinavia
  Gross domestic product  DKK 1,915 billion (2014)
  GDP per capita DKK 322,000 (2014)
  Capital Copenhagen 1,246,611 (2014)
  Other major cities Aarhus 259.754, Odense 172.512 & Aalborg 109.092 (2014)
  Form of state Monarchy
  Government The Liberal Party (Venstre)
  Head of state Queen Margrethe II (since 14 January 1972)
  Head of government Lars Løkke Rasmussen (since 28 June 2015)
  Ethnic distribution 5,026,561 Danes. Immigrants and their descendants constitute 600,674 (2014)
  Life expectancy Women 81.9 years, men 78.0 years (2014)
  Language Danish
  Religion 90% Protestant
  Currency Danish Kroner, DKK 1 Krone = 100 Øre (DKK 5.58 = USD 1, 2014)
  Membership UN, OECD, EU, Nato, Schengen, OSCE, IMF, WTO and others.