Viking Ships

A visit to

“Vikingeskibshallen” in Roskilde

A working museeum with 5 wrecks of Vikingships on display and several replica’s.

The Longships used for raiding on the shores of Europe were know as “Dragons”, referring to the dragonhead on the bow on most of them.

The ships used to sail across the Atlantic to Iceland, Greenland and North America (Lance Aux Meadows, NewFoundland), were a more sturdy and heavier type, called a Knarr or Knorr.

 

Different small replicas - this type was used as late as in the 1920's as fishingboats in Norway and on the Faeroe Islands.

Different small replicas – this type was used as late as in the 1920’s as fishingboats in Norway and on the Faeroe Islands.

 

 

One of the 5 Skuldelevships – a trader called a Knarr.

 

The shipbuilderteam working on details for the replica being build in the next picture.

 

The large trader – a Knarr – soon ready to float.

 

The large trader – a Knarr – soon ready to float.

 

Curved oak for the replica’s.

 

Ropes are made from horsehair.

 

And the sail under construction – pure wool in lanes that will be sewn together.

 

The sea stallion from Glendalough

Built between 2000 and 2004

"Havhingsten fra Glendalough", en rekonstruktion af Skuldelev 2 langskibet. Skuldelev 2 er et af vikingetidens langskibe fra ca. 1040. Originalskibet blev udgravet ved Skuldelev i Roskilde Fjord i 1962 og er i dag udstillet på Vikingeskibsmuseet i Roskilde. Skuldelev 2 er et havgående krigsskib, måske af typen “skeid”. Bemandet med 70-80 krigere har det hørt til de stormandsskibe, der prises i sagaer og skjaldekvad. Skibet er bygget af eg. Analyser af årringsmønsteret i tømmeret har vist, at skibet er bygget i Dublinområdet omkring år 1042. Skibets lange og smalle form har givet det stort fartpotentiale. Med 60 mand ved årerne har det nok kunnet holde en gennemsnitsfart af 6 knob over længere afstande, mens farten for sejl i gunstig vind har været noget højere. Vikingeskibsmuseets bådeværft har fra 2000 gennemført byggeriet af en rekonstruktion af Skuldelev 2 langskibet. ”Havhingsten fra Glendalough” blev søsat i 2004. Det endelig mål er at teste skibets sejlegenskaber i det farvand originalskibet blev bygget til: Nordsøen og det Irske Hav! Materiale: eg Længde: ca. 30 meter Bredde: 3,8 meter Dybgang: 0,9 meter Deplacement: ca. 25 tons (fuldt udrustet) Åretal:60 Besætning: 70 - 80 mand Sejlareal: ca. 1 Sejlareal: 118m2 Årer: 60 Besætning: 60 - 100 mand Topfart for sejl (anslået): 20 knob Topfart for årer (anslået): 5 knob The replica of the Skuldelev 2 longship sails again. Length: 29,4 m Breadth: 3,8 m Crew: 60 - 100 men The replicas name is "Havhingsten fra Glendalough" which means "The sea stallion from Glendalough". The name refers to the fact, that the original ship was build in Ireland. The dendrocronological test performed on the original ship timber shows that the wood once grow in an area just south of the Viking town Dublin. Gendalough is a small village south of Dublin which is well known for its good quality of oak timber. It is very likely that the vikings used timber from that exact area allready 1000 years ago.

Photo: The Viking Ship Museum  
The Sea Stallion is 30 meter long and has enough space for 80 – 90 warriors. The crew however is only 65. Even with this limited amount of people the crew has only 0,8 m2 each during the two weeks long journey to Dublin.

Length: 29,4 m
Breadth: 3,8 m
Crew: 60 – 100 men
The replicas name is “Havhingsten fra Glendalough” which means “The sea stallion from Glendalough”. The name refers to the fact, that the original ship was build in Ireland. The dendrocronological test performed on the original ship timber shows that the wood once grow in an area just south of the Viking town Dublin. Gendalough is a small village south of Dublin which is well known for its good quality of oak timber. It is very likely that the vikings used timber from that exact area allready 1000 years ago.

 

More of The Seastallion from Glendalough

The museum